White Fig is a large tree capable of reaching heights in excess of 20 metres and up to 30 metres tall often with a broad canopy, wider than tall, with a trunk diameter exceeding 1.8 metre, often a strangler. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 1150 m. Grows in well developed rain forest, drier, more seasonal rain forest, beach forest and monsoon forest. Also occurs in Asia, southeast Asia and the SW Pacific islands.
A common and widespread species. Produces large spreading branches with numerous aerial roots. Ficus virens var. sublanceolata grows alongside the related white fig in the northern part of its range. They differ with narrower leaves, almost lanceolate in shape.
Heavily buttressed at the base. The bark is smooth and grey with various bumps and lenticels on the trunk. Small branches smooth, but with scars of leaf stipules. Leaves oblong-elliptic to ovate or lanceolate, mostly 5–20 cm long, 2.5–6 cm wide, apex acuminate. Ficus virens is one of the rare deciduous trees in the tropical lowland rainforest, although new foliage is produced within a week or two of the leaves falling. New foliage is attractive, having pink tones along the leaf edges and extending into the whole of the leaf, giving it a bronze-green tinge. Mature foliage is slightly leathery, and in time lightens to a delicate lime green. Tree is deciduous, being leafless for about a week in September, October or November. However in cooler climates trees may keep their leaves throughout the year.
Figs approximately 10 mm diameter, pinkish brown to white; mostly borne amongst leaves, generally sessile, and usually paired.
Suitable only for large parks and gardens where they make distinctive specimens.
Require humus rich well drained soil.
Low maintenance. Any pruning that is needed should be carried out in late winter to early spring.Download fact sheet